Evaluation of heat transfer models at various fluidization velocities for biomass pyrolysis conducted in a bubbling fluidized bed Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2020

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 13


  • 120175


  • 160

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-9310

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2189


  • Four different models for heat transfer to the particles immersed in a fluidized bed were evaluated and implemented into an existing single particle model. Pyrolysis experiments have been conducted using a fluidized bed installed on a balance at different temperatures and fluidization velocities using softwood pellets. Using a heat transfer model applicable for fluidized beds, the single particle model was able to predict the experimental results of mass loss obtained in this study as well as experimental data from literature with a reasonable accuracy. A good agreement between experimental and modeling results was found for different reactor temperatures and configurations as well as different biomass types, particle sizes ¿ in the typical range of pellets - and fluidization velocities when they were higher than U/Umf=1.5. However, significant deviations were found for fluidization velocities close to minimum fluidization. Heat transfer models which consider the influence of fluidization velocity show a better agreement in this case although differences are still present.


  • Chemistry
  • Electronics
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Materials science and engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics
  • Renewable Energies


  • biomass; fluidized bed; heat transfer; modeling; pyrolysis