Do journals flipping to gold open access show an OA citation or publication advantage? Articles uri icon


  • Lopez Illescas, Carmen
  • de Moya Anegon, Felix
  • Guerrero Bote, Vicente
  • Moed, Henk F.

publication date

  • June 2020

start page

  • 2551

end page

  • 2575


  • 3


  • 124

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0138-9130

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1588-2861


  • The efects of Open Access (OA) upon journal performance are investigated. The key research question holds: How does the citation impact and publication output of journals switching ("fipping") from non-OA to Gold-OA develop after their switch to Gold-OA? A review is given of the literature, with an emphasis on studies dealing with fipping journals. Two study sets with 119 and 100 fipping journals, derived from two diferent OA data sources (DOAJ and OAD), are compared with two control groups, one based on a standard bibliometric criterion, and a second controlling for a journal's national orientation. Comparing post-switch indicators with pre-switch ones in paired T-tests, evidence was obtainedof an OA Citation advantage but not of an OA Publication Advantage. Shifts in the afliation countries of publishing and citing authors are characterized in terms of countries'income class and geographical world region. Suggestions are made for qualitative followup studies to obtain more insight into OA fipping or reverse-fipping.


  • citation analysis; effects of oa; oa flipping; open access; paired t-test; publishing model