- APPLIED THERMAL ENGINEERING Journal
- November 2020
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- The operation of a microchannel membrane-based absorber using LiBr-water as absorbent-refrigerant pair is presented. The absorber is a stainless-steel plate structure, provided with microchannels coupled with a membrane which separates the water vapor and the solution. The same device is experimentally tested in two modes of operation. In one, water is used to cool the absorption process (as occurs in conventional absorbers) circulating through channels separated from the solution by a thin plate. In the second mode, no water circulates, and the absorption is adiabatic. The absorption rates obtained using both configurations are compared, evaluating the influence of the solution mass flux. The absorption ratio (absorbed vapor to solution mass flow rate) is studied as a function of the cooling water temperature and its effect on solution temperature and pressure potential. The mass transfer coefficient is inferred from the measurements. Also, the measured pressure drop along the channels shows the viability for the operation of this type of absorber.
- absorption systems; microchannel-absorber; flat sheet membrane; water–lithium bromide mixture