Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
The application of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) to downlink multi-user multiple-input single-output systems involves the design of a beamforming strategy in which the spatial dimension provided by each beam is shared among several users performing NOMA. This approach requires the management of both inter-cluster and intra-cluster interference. Moreover, the beamforming design is subject to instantaneous knowledge of the channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT). We propose a novel transmission scheme that combines blind interference alignment and NOMA. The proposed scheme fully cancels the inter-cluster interference for all users without the need for instantaneous CSIT, which is limited to the knowledge of the large scale effects of the channel in order to implement NOMA within each cluster. Considering user pairing, i.e., each cluster is composed of two users, we derive a method for determining the NOMA power coefficients that maximize the sum-rate, the user fairness or satisfy first the rate of a specific user by simply solving a polynomial function. Furthermore, we propose an alternative methodology based on some approximations in order to provide sub-optimal closed-form expressions of these NOMA power coefficients. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms conventional MISO-NOMA taking into consideration the costs of providing CSIT.
noma; interference; array signal processing; resource management; downlink miso communication; mimo communication