Covering graphs, magnetic spectral gaps and applications to polymers and nanoribbons Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2019

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 21

issue

  • 9(1163)

volume

  • 11

abstract

  • In this article, we analyze the spectrum of discrete magnetic Laplacians (DML) on an infinite covering graph G˜→G=G˜/Gamma with (Abelian) lattice group Gamma and periodic magnetic potential beta˜ . We give sufficient conditions for the existence of spectral gaps in the spectrum of the DML and study how these depend on beta˜ . The magnetic potential can be interpreted as a control parameter for the spectral bands and gaps. We apply these results to describe the spectral band/gap structure of polymers (polyacetylene) and nanoribbons in the presence of a constant magnetic field.

keywords

  • covering graphs; discrete magnetic laplacian; magnetic field; nanoribbons; polymers; spectral gaps