Interplay between columnar and smectic stability in suspensions of polydisperse colloidal platelets Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2014

start page

  • 765

end page

  • 775

issue

  • 2

volume

  • 16

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1463-9076

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1463-9084

abstract

  • The phase behavior of a model suspension of colloidal polydisperse platelets is studied using density-functional theory. Platelets are modelled as parallel rectangular prisms of square section l2 and height h, with length and height distributions given by different polydispersities deltal and deltah. The model is intended to qualitatively represent experimental colloidal platelet suspensions at high densities with a high degree of orientational ordering. We obtain the phase behavior of the model, including nematic, smectic and columnar phases and its dependence on the two polydispersities deltal and deltah. When deltal > deltah we observe that the smectic phase stabilises first with respect to the columnar. If deltah > deltal we observe the opposite behavior. Other more complicated cases occur, e.g. the smectic stabilises from the nematic first but then exists a first-order transition to the columnar phase. Our model assumes plate&-rod symmetry, but the regions of stability of smectic and columnar phases are non-symmetric in the &;948#l − deltah plane due to the different dimensionality of ordering in the two phases. Microsegregation effects, i.e. different spatial distribution for different sizes within the periodic cell, take place in both phases and, in each case, is more apparent in the variable associated with ordering.

keywords

  • nematic; berne; liquid crystals