Environmentally Friendly Plasma Activation of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene and Polydimethylsiloxane Surfaces to Improve Paint Adhesion Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2018


  • 12


  • 8

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2079-6412


  • Generally, polymeric materials present an issue related to their low surface energy: low painting ability. The main aim of this work is to improve the adhesion between polymeric surfaces (polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)) and paints (epoxy (EP), and polyurethane (PU)-based). In order to increase adhesion, hydrophilic modification of surfaces by atmospheric pressure plasma torch treatment (APPT) was proposed. Furthermore, it can permit dissimilar joints, i.e., ABS with a metal joined by a silicone (based PDMS), to be painted. The surface modifications were characterized by measurements of surface energy and roughness. In addition, the effectiveness of the pre-treatment on improving paint adhesion was confirmed by scratch, cross-cut, and adhesion tests. Results showed the possibility of coating both ABS and PDMS with a PU-based paint when treated with plasma. As a novel result, polymer and metal panels joined by silicone were able to be painted with the PU paint.


  • Chemistry
  • Materials science and engineering


  • polydimethylsiloxane; acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene; atmospheric pressure plasma torch; epoxy paint; polyurethane paint; adhesion tests; composites; energy