- MATERIALS & DESIGN Journal
- October 2018
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- The Hydrodynamic Ram (HRAM) phenomenon occurs when an object with a high-kinetic energy impacts against a fluid-filled structure, which could induce important damages. An attenuation technique would be of great interest for structures which could be subjected to impact. In this work, honeycomb panels are used to fill the entire space inside the structure in such a way that they are able to alleviate the loading onto it. Experimental tests were carried out varying aluminium honeycomb cells orientation, to determine the configuration that mitigates more efficiently the effects of HRAM comparing the results with a non-protected structure. The experimental tests were analysed using a high speed video camera, strain gauges, residual displacement of the structure walls and the deformation of the honeycomb panels. It is shown that for all the configurations, the honeycomb is able to reduce the plastic deformation of the structure. The honeycomb allows to reduce the cavity expansion in the fluid, which is the most dangerous phenomenon in the studied cases. The best configuration is able to diminish up to 54% the residual expanded volume in the structure walls, and hence considerably attenuating the HRAM effect on the structure. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Mechanical Engineering
- hydrodynamic ram; attenuation method; fluid-structure interaction; fluid-filled tank; high velocity impact; experimental test