A multipurpose reduced mechanism for ethanol combustion Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2018

start page

  • 112

end page

  • 122


  • 193

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0010-2180

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1556-2921


  • New multipurpose skeletal and reduced chemical-kinetic mechanisms for ethanol combustion are developed, along the same philosophical lines followed in our previous work on methanol. The resulting skeletal mechanism contains 66 reactions, only 19 of which are reversible, among 31 species, and the associated reduced mechanism contains 14 overall reactions among 16 species, obtained from the skeletal mechanism by placing CH3CHOH, CH2CH2OH, CH3CO, CH2CHO, CH2CO, C2H3, C2H5, C2H6, S - CH2, T - CH2, CH4, CH2OH, CH3O, HCO, and O in steady state. For the reduced mechanism, the steady-state relations and rate expressions are arranged so that computations can be made sequentially without iteration. Comparison with experimental results for autoignition, laminar burning velocities, and counterflow flame structure and extinction, including comparisons with the 268-step, 54-species detailed San Diego Mechanism and five other mechanisms in the literature, support the utility of the skeletal and reduced mechanisms, showing, for example, that, in comparison with the San Diego mechanism, they reduced the computational time by a factor of 4 (71 % faster) and 12 (93 % faster), respectively. Measures of computation times and of extents of departures from experimental values are defined and employed in evaluating results. Besides contributing to improvements in understanding of the mechanisms, the derived simplifications may prove useful in a variety of computational studies.


  • Industrial Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • ethanol combustion; reduced chemistry