0.04-mm(2) 103-dB-A Dynamic Range Second-Order VCO-Based Audio Sigma Delta ADC in 0.13-mu m CMOS Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2018

start page

  • 1731

end page

  • 1742


  • 53

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-9200

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-173X


  • This paper presents a compact-area, low-power, highly digital analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for audio applications. The proposed converter is implemented using only oscillators and digital circuitry, without operational amplifiers nor other highly linear circuits. The ADC consists of two twin second-order Sigma Delta modulators, which can work both individually or in a pseudodifferential configuration. The proposed system has been implemented in a 0.13-mu m standard CMOS technology. The single-ended configuration occupies an active area of 0.02 mm(2), is powered at 1.8 V with a current consumption of 155 mu A, and achieves an A-weighted dynamic range (DR) of 98 dB-A. The pseudodifferential configuration achieves 103 dB-A of A-weighted DR at the expense of doubling the area and power consumption.


  • analog-to-digital converter (adc); audio; highly digital; microphones; phase-referenced integration; sigma-delta modulation; time encoding; voltage-controlled oscillator (vco)-adc