Beyond the colour of my skin: How skin colour affects the sense of body-ownership Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2012

start page

  • 1242

end page

  • 1256


  • 3


  • 21

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1053-8100


  • Multisensory stimulation has been shown to alter the sense of body-ownership. Given that perceived similarity between one's own body and those of others is crucial for social cognition, we investigated whether multisensory stimulation can lead participants to experience ownership over a hand of different skin colour. Results from two studies using introspective, behavioural and physiological methods show that, following synchronous visuotactile (VT) stimulation, participants can experience body-ownership over hands that seem to belong to a different racial group. Interestingly, a baseline measure of implicit racial bias did not predict whether participants would experience the RHI, but the overall strength of experienced body-ownership seemed to predict the participants' post-illusion implicit racial bias with those who experienced a stronger RHI showing a lower bias. These findings suggest that multisensory experiences can override strict ingroup/outgroup distinctions based on skin colour and point to a key role for sensory processing in social cognition.


  • body-ownership; rubber hand illusion; multisensory; social groups; skin colour; body image