- April 2018
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- In this work we describe and optimize a general scheme based on lifting transforms on graphs for video coding. A graph is constructed to represent the video signal. Each pixel becomes a node in the graph and links between nodes represent similarity between them. Therefore, spatial neighbors and temporal motion-related pixels can be linked, while nonsimilar pixels (e.g., pixels across an edge) may not be. Then, a lifting-based transform, in which filterin operations are performed using linked nodes, is applied to this graph, leading to a 3-dimensional (spatio-temporal) directional transform which can be viewed as an extension of wavelet transforms for video. The design of the proposed scheme requires four main steps: (i) graph construction, (ii) graph splitting, (iii) filte design, and (iv) extension of the transform to different levels of decomposition. We focus on the optimization of these steps in order to obtain an effective transform for video coding. Furthermore, based on this scheme, we propose a coefficien reordering method and an entropy coder leading to a complete video encoder that achieves better coding performance than a motion compensated temporal filterin wavelet-based encoder and a simple encoder derived from H.264/AVC that makes use of similar tools as our proposed encoder (reference software JM15.1 configu ed to use 1 reference frame, no subpixel motion estimation, 16 × 16 inter and 4 × 4 intra modes).
- video coding; lifting transform; directional transforms; signal processing on graphs