Suitability of energy systems based on Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) has been widely tested in the field of wind energy, being able to supply power in cases such as low wind speeds or voltage dips, and to store energy when there are surpluses. This article analyzes and compares the performance of three SMES-based systems that differ in the topology of power converter: a two-level Voltage Source Converter (VSC), a three-level VSC and a two-level Current Source Converter (CSC). Their performance has been improved by means of an appropriate modulation strategy. To obtain a high reliability and accuracy, a co-simulation between MATLAB/Simulink® (running the control system) and PSIM® (running the power system) has been executed.
energy storage; superconducting magnetic energy storage; voltage source converter; current source converter