Microsoft Kinect-based Continuous Performance Test: An Objective Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Assessment Articles uri icon

authors

  • DELGADO GOMEZ, DAVID
  • PEÑUELAS CALVO, INMACULADA
  • MASO BESGA, ANTONIO EDUARDO
  • VALLEJO ONATE, SILVIA
  • BALTASAR TELLO, ITZIAR
  • ARRUA DUARTE, ELSA
  • VERA VARELA, MARIA CONSTANZA
  • CARBALLO, JUAN
  • BACA GARCIA, ENRIQUE

publication date

  • March 2017

issue

  • 3

volume

  • 19

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1438-8871

abstract

  • Background One of the major challenges in mental medical care is finding out new instruments for an accurate and objective evaluation of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early ADHD identification, severity assessment, and prompt treatment are essential to avoid the negative effects associated with this mental condition. Objective The aim of our study was to develop a novel ADHD assessment instrument based on Microsoft Kinect, which identifies ADHD cardinal symptoms in order to provide a more accurate evaluation. Methods A group of 30 children, aged 8-12 years (10.3 [SD 1.4]; male 70% [21/30]), who were referred to the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit of the Department of Psychiatry at Fundacion Jimenez Diaz Hospital (Madrid, Spain), were included in this study. Children were required to meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM5) criteria of ADHD diagnosis. One of the parents or guardians of the children filled the Spanish version of the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD Symptoms and Normal Behavior (SWAN) rating scale used in clinical practice. Each child conducted a Kinect-based continuous performance test (CPT) in which the reaction time (RT), the commission errors, and the time required to complete the reaction (CT) were calculated. The correlations of the 3 predictors, obtained using Kinect methodology, with respect to the scores of the SWAN scale were calculated.

keywords

  • kinect; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; continuous performance test; impulsivity; hyperactivity