- SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES Journal
- August 2017
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- Women in male-dominated occupations remain at a considerable risk of attrition. This study examines both the consequences of being an occupational minority and the effect of occupational attributes on women's exit from male-dominated occupations. Drawing on prior theories and empirical studies, I argue that women in high-status occupations are better prepared than women in low-status occupations to overcome obstacles derived from their minority status. Using the Current Population Survey data set and the Occupational Information Network database, this study reveals that a greater proportion of males in an occupation increases the probability of exit from low-status occupations, once we account for relevant individual and occupational attributes. Conversely, women employed in high-status occupations are less likely to leave strongly male-dominated occupations. These findings underscore that women's attrition from male-dominated occupations cannot be adequately explained without considering differences among women at the moment of hiring.
- segregation; women's diversity; male-dominated occupations; occupational attributes; occupational minority; heterogeneous choice models; college-educated workers; sex segregation; gender revolution; probit coefficients; united-states; earnings; inequality; managers; science