Topology and the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2017

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 20

issue

  • (023201)

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1742-5468

abstract

  • We study the role of the topology of the background space on the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class. To do so, we study the growth of balls on disordered 2D manifolds with random Riemannian metrics, generated by introducing random perturbations to a base manifold. As base manifolds we consider cones of different aperture angles theta, including the limiting cases of a cylinder (theta = 0, which corresponds to an interface with periodic boundary conditions) and a plane (theta = pi/2, which corresponds to an interface with circular geometry). We obtain that in the former case the radial fluctuations of the ball boundaries approach the Tracy-Widom (TW) distribution of the largest eigenvalue of random matrices in the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (TW-GOE), while on cones with any aperture angle theta not equal 0 fluctuations correspond to the TW- GUE distribution related with the Gaussian unitary ensemble. We provide a topological argument to justify the relevance of TW-GUE statistics for cones, and state a conjecture which relates the KPZ universality subclass with the background topology.

keywords

  • kinetic growth processes; random geometry; random matrix theory and extensions; fluctuations; interfaces