Linearizations of Hermitian Matrix Polynomials Preserving the Sign Characteristic Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2017

start page

  • 249

end page

  • 272

issue

  • 1

volume

  • 38

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0895-4798

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-7162

abstract

  • The development of strong linearizations preserving whatever structure a matrix polynomial might possess has been a very active area of research in the last years, since such linearizations are the starting point of numerical algorithms for computing eigenvalues of structured matrix polynomials with the properties imposed by the considered structure. In this context, Hermitian matrix polynomials are one of the most important classes of matrix polynomials arising in applications and their real eigenvalues are of great interest. The sign characteristic is a set of signs attached to these real eigenvalues which is crucial for determining the behavior of systems described by Hermitian matrix polynomials and, therefore, it is desirable to develop linearizations that preserve the sign characteristic of these polynomials, but, at present, only one such linearization is known. In this paper, we present a complete characterization of all the Hermitian strong linearizations that preserve the sign characteristic of a given Hermitian matrix polynomial and identify several families of such linearizations that can be constructed very easily from the coefficients of the polynomial.

keywords

  • congruence; generalized fiedler pencil; hermitian matrix polynomial; sign characteristic; linearization; strong linearization; structured strong linearizations; eigenvalue problems; fiedler pencils; vector-spaces; minimal bases; smith forms; eigenvectors; equivalence; pairs