pMHC affinity controls duration of CD8+ T cell-DC interactions and imprints timing of effector differentiation versus expansion Articles uri icon

authors

  • OZGA, ALEKSANDRA J.
  • MOALLI, FEDERICA
  • ABE, JUN
  • SWOGER, JIM
  • SHARPE, JAMES
  • ZHEN, DIETMAR
  • KREUTZFELDT, MARIO
  • MERKLER, DORON
  • RIPOLL LORENZO, JORGE
  • STEIN, JENS V.

publication date

  • November 2016

issue

  • 12

volume

  • 213

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1007

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1540-9538

abstract

  • During adaptive immune responses, CD8+ T cells with low TCR affinities are released early into the circulation before high-affinityclones become dominant at later time points. How functional avidity maturation is orchestrated in lymphoid tissue andhow low-affinity cells contribute to host protection remains unclear. In this study, we used intravital imaging of reactive lymphnodes (LNs) to show that T cells rapidly attached to dendritic cells irrespective of TCR affinity, whereas one day later, theduration of these stable interactions ceased progressively with lowering peptide major histocompatibility complex (pMHC)affinity. This correlated inversely BATF (basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ATF-like) and IRF4 (interferon-regulatedfactor 4) induction and timing of effector differentiation, as low affinity&-primed T cells acquired cytotoxic activity earlierthan high affinity&-primed ones. After activation, low-affinity effector CD8+ T cells accumulated at efferent lymphatic vesselsfor egress, whereas high affinity&-stimulated CD8+ T cells moved to interfollicular regions in a CXCR3-dependent manner forsustained pMHC stimulation and prolonged expansion. The early release of low-affinity effector T cells led to rapid target cellelimination outside reactive LNs. Our data provide a model for affinity-dependent spatiotemporal orchestration of CD8+ T cellactivation inside LNs leading to functional avidity maturation and uncover a role for low-affinity effector T cells during earlymicrobial containment.