- January 2016
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- We describe the generic change of the partial multiplicities at a given eigenvalue lambda(0) of a regular matrix pencil A(0) + lambda A(1) under perturbations with low normal rank. More precisely, if the pencil A(0) + lambda A(1) has exactly g nonzero partial multiplicities at lambda(0), then for most perturbations B-0 + lambda B-1 with normal rank r < g the perturbed pencil A(0) + B-0 + lambda(A(1) + B-1) has exactly g - r nonzero partial multiplicities at lambda(0), which coincide with those obtained after removing the largest r partial multiplicities of the original pencil A(0) + A(1) at lambda(0). Though partial results on this problem had been previously obtained in the literature, its complete solution remained open.
- regular matrix pencils; weierstrass canonical form; low-rank perturbations; matrix spectral perturbation theory; partial multiplicities; geometric approach