Nanoindentation and wear behavior of thermally stable biocompatible polysulfone-alumina nanocomposites Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2016

start page

  • 100239

end page

  • 100247

issue

  • 102

volume

  • 6

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 2046-2069

abstract

  • Besides improving mechanical performance, wear resistance is the first prerequisite for a dental material to be accepted by both dentists and patients, and therefore good wear behavior may contribute to the longevity and durable aesthetics of a dental material such as brackets or implants. In this work we have investigated the wear and mechanical behavior, along with the thermal stability, of polysulfone/modified alumina. gamma-Alumina nanoparticles have been modified with polysulfone (PSU) chains of two different molecular weights. The modification leads to an enhanced homogeneous dispersion, as was confirmed using TEM-image analysis, and enhanced mechanical and wear behavior when compared with a PSU/alumina nanocomposite. Nanoindentation measurements confirmed that the elastic modulus values were enhanced when modified nanoparticles were used to prepare nanocomposites. Abrasive wear analysis revealed that the wear volume loss was decreased when the nanoparticles were modified. The PSU chains grafted to alumina promoted enhanced particle dispersion, which at the same time induced protection in the polysulfone matrix against wearing off. The results showed a clear tendency for increased strength and wear resistance, without sacrificing transparency. Regarding the thermal stability of the materials prepared, the results showed similar thermal stabilities for both neat PSU and modified particle nanocomposites up to a certain temperature (i.e., similar to 550 degrees C), and after this temperature these nanocomposites displayed a higher thermal stability than neat PSU.

keywords

  • Tribological behavior
    Frictional resistance
    Silica nanoparticles
    Particle-size
    Composites
    Surface
    PTFE
    Brackets
    Epoxy
    Performance