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We present a practical implementation of a leaky-wave thinned phased array in printed circuit board (PCB) technology. In this paper, we demonstrate that a reduction of the grating lobes, and therefore an improved gain in a thinned phased array, with respect to standard solutions, is achieved by virtue of the angular filtering introduced by a leaky-wave cavity in the far field. The presented array is designed in PCB and integrated with an inductive partial reflective surface. A full study of the performances of the 7x7 phased array antenna for several scanning angles and frequencies is presented. This paper shows an improved gain, directivity, grating lobe level, back lobe level, beam efficiency, and active reflection coefficient with respect to a reference solution based on 2 x 2 subarrays. The results are validated via the measurements of a 3x3 array prototype.
Gain enhancement; Leaky-wave antennas (LWAs); Phased array; Thinned array; TM0 mode suppression; Grating-lobe suppression; Linear arrays; Part I; Antennas; Design; Optimization; Radiation; Elements; Cavity; Beams