Parametric study of operating and design variables on the performance of a membrane-based absorber Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2016

start page

  • 409

end page

  • 419

volume

  • 98

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1359-4311

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1873-5606

abstract

  • A plate-and-frame microchannel H2O&-LiBr absorber using a microporous membrane as contactor between the vapour and the solution is simulated. The heat and mass transfer equations, describing the absorption of the vapour phase into the solution, are solved for different membrane properties and for variable design and operating conditions. The parametric study evaluates the sensitivity of the ratio between the cooling capacity of the chiller and the absorber volume (rqV) to changes in the following parameters: width and height of the solution and cooling water channels; concentration, temperature and mass flow rate of the solution; temperature and mass flow rate of the cooling water; porosity, pore diameter, thickness and thermal conductivity of the membrane; thickness and thermal conductivity of the interface wall between the solution and the cooling water; and temperature, pressure and mass flow rate of the vapour. At the design stage of the membrane absorber, the parameters that can be optimised to maximise rqV are porosity, pore diameter, solution channels depth and membrane thickness. The thickness of the interface wall between the solution and the cooling water, as well as the solution channels width should be also taken into account. For a good performance during the operation of the absorber, special care should be taken to select the adequate vapour pressure and solution inlet temperature and concentration.

keywords

  • absorption refrigeration; membrane; absorber; water-lithium bromide; rectangular microchannel; parametric study