- March 2016
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- In this paper we investigate the interplay between material defects and flow localization in elastoplastic bars subjected to dynamic tension. For that task, we have developed a 10 finite difference scheme within a large deformation framework in which the material is modelled using rate-dependent J(2) plasticity. A perturbation of the initial yield stress is introduced in each node of the finite difference mesh to model localized material flaws. Numerical computations are carried out within a wide spectrum of strain rates ranging from 500 s(-1) to 2500 s(-1). On the one hand, our calculations reveal the effect of the material defects in the necking process. On the other hand, our results show that the necking inception, instead of being a random type process, is the deterministic result of the interplay between the mechanical behaviour of the material and the boundary conditions. This conclusion agrees with the experimental evidence reported by Rittel et al.  and Rotbaum et al. .
- dynamic stretching; numerical simulations; material defects; flow localization; tension; fragmentation; steel; dynamic stretching; numerical simulations; material defects; flow localization