Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Partial discharges (PD) detection is a widely extended technique for the diagnosis of electrical equipment. Ultra-high frequency (UHF) detection techniques appear as the best choice if the goal is to detect PD online and to locate devices with insulation problems in substations and overhead lines. The location of PD is based on the determination of the difference of the time of arrival of electromagnetic pulses radiated by a source of PD to an array of antennas distributed around the monitored area. However, when measuring electromagnetic pulses radiated by PD activity many interfering signals, such as those coming from television (TV), global positioning system (GPS), wireless communication signals and others coming from electrical equipment distort the waveform detected by the sensors. Under these circumstances, the application of traditional techniques to estimate the time differences may fail. In this paper, the use Blind Source Separation (BSS) techniques applied to pairs of UHF sensors is proposed to extract the information of the difference of the time of arrival of the electromagnetic pulses radiated by a source of PD. The paper is focused on the application of the algorithm and the description of an experimental setup for controlled generation and detection of PD to verify the performance of the proposed technique.