Critical examination of chemically modified hybrid thermosets: Synthesis, characterization and mechanical behavior in the plateau regime of polyaminosiloxane-nitrile-DGEBA Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2015

start page

  • 178

end page

  • 185

volume

  • 69

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0032-3861

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2291

abstract

  • Poly(3-aminopropylmethylsiloxane) has been modified with acrylonitrile via aza Michael addition and a broad range of modified oligomers have been prepared with CN:NH2 ratio ranging between 0.1 and 1. NMR and FTnIR analysis reveals that acrylonitrile modification proceeds without formation of tertiary amines. Modified oligomers have been characterized by DSC and analysis of Tg reveals that the adducts are self-associated probably due to weak hydrogen bonding and dipole interactions. The modified oligomers with a modification degree higher than 0.4 were miscible with DGEBA. The low and high temperature relaxations of the cured thermosets have been measured by DMTA. In addition to the commonly observed beta2 relaxation, a new beta1 process linked by an isosbestic point to beta2 has been found. beta1 is attributed to an extended segment comprising the pendant propionitrile group as well as the aminopropyl segment that connects tertiary amines to the polysiloxane backbone. Elastic modulus as well as the alfa relaxation can be tuned from high Tg and high rubbery modulus to low Tg and high damping thermosets changing the nitrile content. The experimental network structure obtained from elastic measurements and the Tg were related through well established structure-property relations.

keywords

  • epoxy resins; hybrid thermoset; polysiloxane