Self-adjoint extensions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator and unitaries at the boundary Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2015

start page

  • 634

end page

  • 670


  • 3


  • 268

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1236

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-0783


  • We construct in this article a class of closed semi-bounded quadratic forms on the space of square integrable functions over a smooth Riemannian manifold with smooth compact boundary. Each of these quadratic forms specifies a semibounded self-adjoint extension of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. These quadratic forms are based on the Lagrange boundary form on the manifold and a family of domains parametrized by a suitable class of unitary operators on the boundary that will be called admissible. The corresponding quadratic forms are semi-bounded below and closable. Finally, the representing operators correspond to semi-bounded self-adjoint extensions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. This family of extensions is compared with results existing in the literature and various examples and applications are discussed.


  • Mathematics


  • self-adjoint extensions; laplace-beltrami operator; quadratic forms; boundary conditions