Ultra-light carbon nanotube sponge as an efficient electromagnetic shielding material in the GHz range Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2014

start page

  • 698

end page

  • 704

issue

  • 8

volume

  • 8

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1862-6254

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1862-6270

abstract

  • CVD synthesised CNT flexible sponge with density lower than 0.02 g cm⁻³ has been found to serve as high performance EMI shielding material without the aid of any polymer infiltration or impregnation. Due to its extreme lightweight, the specific SE of the CNT-sponge was found to be as high as 1100 dB cm³ g⁻¹, having a total SE above 20 dB in the whole 1-18 GHz range, and being able to shield by absorption. The material is the best of our knowledge this specific SE value appears to be the highest reported hitherto. Improved EM absorbers should fulfil the synergic requirements of being low reflective and highly absorptive. In our CNT-sponges this condition is not satisfied because, although their net absorption ability is strongly remarkable, their high electrical conductivity favours the wave to be reflected at the input interface. Therefore, this sponge material would have a great potential for microwave-frequency applications that need negligible reflection and great absorption when combined in a multilayered structure that could prevent the wave to be reflected at the input interface.

keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
    Electromagnetic shielding
    High dielectric losses
    Sponges
    Dielectric losses
    Absorption abilities
    Emi shielding
    High electrical conductivity
    Input interface
    Multi-layered structure
    Polymer infiltration
    Ultra-light
    Interfaces (materials)