Development and validation of a radial variable geometry turbine model for transient pulsating flow applications Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2014

start page

  • 190

end page

  • 203


  • SEP


  • 85

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0196-8904

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2227


  • This paper presents the development and validation of a one-dimensional radial turbine model able to be used in automotive turbocharger simulations. The model has been validated using results from a numerical 3D CFD simulation of stationary and pulsating flow in a variable geometry radial turbine. As the CFD analysis showed, the main non-quasi-steady behavior of the turbine is due to the volute geometry, so special care was taken in order to properly model it while maintaining low computational costs. The flow in the volute has been decomposed in its radial and azimuthal direction. The azimuthal flow corresponds to the flow moving along the volute, while the radial flow is computed by coupling its flow with a stator model. Although the stator caused fewer accumulation effects than the volute, a small accumulation model has been used for it, which also allows to compute the evolution of the flow inside the turbine with lower costs. The flow in the moving rotor can be considered quasi-steady, so a zero-dimensional model for the rotor has been developed. Several losses models where implemented for both the stator and the rotor. The results show good agreement with the CFD computations.


  • Aeronautics
  • Industrial Engineering


  • turbocharger; model; mean-line model; radial turbine simulation; pulsating flow