Analysis of bifurcations in a Benard-Marangoni problem: Gravitational effects Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2014

start page

  • 33

end page

  • 41

volume

  • 73

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-9310

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2189

abstract

  • This article studies the linear stability of a thermoconvective problem in an annular domain for different Bond (capillarity or buoyancy effects) and Biot (heat transfer) numbers for two set of Prandtl numbers (viscosity effects). The flow is heated from below, with a linear decreasing horizontal temperature profile from the inner to the outer wall. The top surface of the domain is open to the atmosphere and the two lateral walls are adiabatic. Different kind of competing solutions appear on localized zones of the Bond-Biot plane. The boundaries of these zones are made up of co-dimension two points. A co-dimension four point has been found for the first time. The main result found in this work is that in the range of low Prandtl number studied and in low-gravity conditions, capillarity forces control the instabilities of the flow, independently of the Prandtl number.

keywords

  • bond number; gravitational effects; linear stability; thermocapillary convection