electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)
We have developed new analytical expressions for designing liquid crystal (LC) microlenses. These equations are based on a novel equivalent electric circuit and can be used to create an optimum design for the LC lenses in which the lens diameter ranges from a few micrometers to several millimeters. Thus far, only experimental studies have been conducted on the LC lenses. The analytical expressions developed in this letter depend on various manufacturing parameters and can be used to design lenses with specific focal lengths and a parabolic phase profile. The required driving scheme (modal or hole-patterned) can be predicted. The LC microlenses were manufactured and electrooptically characterized: the measurements were compared using an analytical approach.