Single-effect absorption refrigeration cycle boosted with an ejector-adiabatic absorber using a single solution pump Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2014

start page

  • 22

end page

  • 29

issue

  • 1

volume

  • 38

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0140-7007

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2081

abstract

  • This paper presents a numerical model of a single-effect absorption refrigeration cycle incorporating a triple purpose liquid-vapor ejector acting as pressure booster for refrigerant vapor, adiabatic absorber and controlled solution expansion valve. The promising ammonia-lithium nitrate solution is selected as working pair, being able to produce cold at subzero temperatures, thus valid either for air conditioning or industrial refrigeration. With the use of the liquid-gas ejector, the absorption pressure becomes higher than the evaporation pressure, besides recovering part of the solution pump energy. Results of the simulation show that this innovation behaves like a compressor boosted hybrid cycle without carrying its complexity. It allows decreasing the activation temperature (about 15 C for a recirculation ratio of 3) and increasing the cooling capacity (reaching a gain of about 100% for a generation temperature of 80°C). © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

keywords

  • absorption hybrid cycles; adiabatic absorber; ammonia-lithium nitrate; cooling; solar cooling; two-phase ejector; adiabatic absorber; ammonia-lithium nitrates; hybrid cycle; solar cooling; two-phase ejector; absorption refrigeration; ammonia; cold working; cooling; ejectors (pumps); industrial refrigeration; lithium; nitrates; vapors; absorption cooling