Effect of the particle size and solids volume fraction on the thermal degradation behaviour of Invar 36 feedstocks Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2013

start page

  • 2546

end page

  • 2555

issue

  • 12

volume

  • 98

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0141-3910

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2321

abstract

  • Degradation kinetics and the thermal stability of Invar 36 powder injection moulding feedstocks (PIM) based on cellulose acetate butyrate (CAB) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) binders were investigated using simultaneous thermogravimetric analysis (STA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The initial decomposition temperature (IDT) and the integral procedure decomposition temperature (IPDT) were used to analyse the thermal stability of the binder system as a function of the solid loading content and powder particle size. The degradation kinetics was studied, and the process apparent activation energies were assessed using isoconversional methods. All the methodologies revealed changes in the thermal degradation behaviours of the feedstocks for solid loadings that were previously determined to correspond to optimal solid loadings using other experimental procedures. The studies also contrast previous similar findings with a ceramic powder. Therefore these results strengthen the proposal of thermodynamic degradation studies of feedstocks as an alternative or complementary technique to determine optimal solid loading contents in metal injection moulding (MIM).

keywords

  • thermogravimetric data; nonisothermal kinetics; poly(ethylene glycol); activation-energy; model; parameters; stability; polymers; burnoyt; silica