Painlevé I double scaling limit in the cubic random matrix model Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2016


  • 2


  • 5

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2010-3263

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2010-3271


  • We obtain the double scaling asymptotic behavior of the recurrence coefficients and the partition function at the critical point of the N×NN×N Hermitian random matrix model with cubic potential. We prove that the recurrence coefficients admit an asymptotic expansion in powers of N−2/5N−2/5, and in the leading order the asymptotic behavior of the recurrence coefficients is given by a Boutroux tronquée solution to the Painlevé I equation. We also obtain the double scaling limit of the partition function, and we prove that the poles of the tronquée solution are limits of zeros of the partition function. The tools used include the Riemann&-Hilbert approach and the Deift&-Zhou nonlinear steepest descent method for the corresponding family of complex orthogonal polynomials and their recurrence coefficients, together with the Toda equation in the parameter space.


  • Mathematics


  • random matrices; asymptotic representation in the complex domain; riemann–hilbert problems; topological expansion; partition function; double scaling limit; painlevé i equation