A 300 GHz "Always-In-Focus" focusing system for target detection Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2013

start page

  • 610

end page

  • 617


  • 2


  • 22

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1210-2512


  • A focusing system for a 300 GHz radar with 5 m target distance and 10 mm diameter spot size resolution is proposed. The focusing system is based on a Gaussian telescope scheme and its main parameters have been designed using Gaussian beam quasi-optical propagation theory with an in-house developed MATLAB (R) based analysis tool. Then, this approach has been applied to a real focusing system based on two elliptical mirrors in order to reduce the distortion and cross-polar level and a plane mirror to provide scanning capabilities. The overall system has been simulated with a full-wave electromagnetic simulator and its behavior is presented With this approach, the focusing system always works "in-focus" since the only mirror that is rotated when scanning is the output plane mirror, so the beam is almost not distorted The design process, although based in the well-known Gaussian beam quasi-optical propagation theory, provides a fast and accurate method and minimizes the overall size of the mirrors. As a consequence, the size of the focusing system is also reduced.


  • quasi-optical gaussian beam; propagation; radar; focusing system; terahertz imaging