Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
The objective of this paper is to illustrate that electromagnetic macro modeling can properly predict the path-loss exponent in mobile cellular wireless communication. This represents the variation of the path loss with distance from the base-station antenna. Specifically, we illustrate that the path-loss exponent in cellular wireless communication is three, preceded by a slow-fading region, and followed by the fringe region, where the path-loss exponent is four. The sizes of these regions are determined by the heights of the base-station transmitting antennas and the receiving antennas...
norton surface wave ; propagation ; sommerfeld formulation ; cellular wireless communication ; ground wave ; imperfect ground ; land mobile radio cellular systems ; land mobile radio propagation factors ; macro modeling ; path loss exponent ; surface wave