Electromagnetic Macro Modeling of Propagation in Mobile Wireless Communication: Theory and Experiment Articles uri icon


publication date

  • December 2012

start page

  • 17

end page

  • 43


  • 6


  • 54

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1045-9243

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-4143


  • The objective of this paper is to illustrate that electromagnetic macro modeling can properly predict the path-loss exponent in mobile cellular wireless communication. This represents the variation of the path loss with distance from the base-station antenna. Specifically, we illustrate that the path-loss exponent in cellular wireless communication is three, preceded by a slow-fading region, and followed by the fringe region, where the path-loss exponent is four. The sizes of these regions are determined by the heights of the base-station transmitting antennas and the receiving antennas...


  • norton surface wave ; propagation ; sommerfeld formulation ; cellular wireless communication ; ground wave ; imperfect ground ; land mobile radio cellular systems ; land mobile radio propagation factors ; macro modeling ; path loss exponent ; surface wave