Corrosion behaviour of corrugated lean duplex stainless steels in simulated concrete pore solutions Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2011

start page

  • 1748

end page

  • 1755

issue

  • 5

volume

  • 53

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0010-938X

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0496

abstract

  • This work studies the corrosion behaviour of two corrugated lean duplex stainless steels (SAF 2001 and 2304 grades) in eight alkaline solutions (carbonated and non-carbonated, saturated Ca(OH)2 solutions with different chloride contents). 2001 stainless steel is a new grade in market because of its composition. 2304 is a grade previously studied under different conditions. However, its use as reinforcement in concrete is new. Studies are carried out by polarization curves following scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and optical observations. Results are compared to those of carbon steel and austenitic AISI 304 and duplex SAF 2205 under similar conditions. After corrosion tests in alkaline media with chloride, ferrite tends to corrode selectively in 2304 duplex, while austenite corrodes selectively in 2001 under the same conditions. The influence of the duplex microstructure on attack development and morphology is analyzed. The electrochemical parameters obtained from the polarization curves suggest 2001 could replace 304 keeping the structure its corrosion performance (and with clear economical advantages). 2304 shows better corrosion behaviour than the more expensive 304, but somewhat lower than the excellent behaviour shown by 2205.