Mechanical behaviour of pressed and sintered titanium alloys obtained from master alloy addition powders Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2012

start page

  • 33

end page

  • 45

volume

  • 15

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1751-6161

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-0180

abstract

  • The fabrication of the workhorse Ti-6Al-4V alloy and of the Ti-3Al-2.5V alloy was studied considering the master alloy addition variant of the blending elemental approach conventionally used for titanium powder metallurgy. The powders were characterised by means thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction and shaped by means of uniaxial pressing. The microstructural evolution with the sintering temperature (900-1400 degrees C) was evaluated by SEM and EDS was used to study the composition. XRD patterns as well as the density by Archimedes method were also obtained. The results indicate that master alloy addition is a suitable way to fabricate well developed titanium alloy but also to produce alloy with the desired composition, not available commercially. Density of 4.3 g/cm(3) can be obtained where a temperature higher than 1200 degrees C is needed for the complete diffusion of the alloying elements. Flexural properties comparable to those specified for wrought Ti-6Al-4V medical devices are, generally, obtained.

keywords

  • ti–3al–2.5v; ti–6al–4v; titanium p/m; blending elemental (be); master alloy; flexural properties