Combining scales to assess suicide risk Articles uri icon

authors

  • Blasco Fontecilla, Hilario
  • DELGADO GOMEZ, DAVID
  • Ruiz Hernandez, Diego
  • AGUADO, DAVID
  • BACA GARCIA, ENRIQUE
  • LÓPEZ CASTROMAN, JORGE

publication date

  • October 2012

start page

  • 1272

end page

  • 1277

volume

  • 46

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3956

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1379

abstract

  • Objectives: A major interest in the assessment of suicide risk is to develop an accurate instrument, which could be easily adopted by clinicians. This article aims at identifying the most discriminative items from a collection of scales usually employed in the assessment of suicidal behavior. Methods: The answers to the Barrat Impulsiveness Scale, International Personality Disorder Evaluation Screening Questionnaire, Brown-Goodwin Lifetime History of Aggression, and Holmes & Rahe Social Readjustment Rating Scale provided by a group of 687 subjects (249 suicide attempters, 81 non-suicidal psychiatric inpatients, and 357 healthy controls) were used by the Lars-en algorithm to select the most discriminative items. Results: We achieved an average accuracy of 86.4%, a specificity of 89.6%, and a sensitivity of 80.8% in classifying suicide attempters using 27 out of the 154 items from the original scales. Conclusions: The 27 items reported here should be considered a preliminary step in the development of a new scale evaluating suicidal risk in settings where time is scarce.