- September 2011
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- This paper is a deep analysis of oscillator plane reference design methods. It defines applicable conditions and the expected accuracy that can be archived with these methods. Some examples will be shown to illustrate wrong solutions that the use of linear reference plane methods can produce. The wrong solutions will be justified by necessary conditions for proper use of these methods. The strengths and weaknesses of the, widely used, plane reference methods are described in this paper. Several classic topologies of microwave oscillators, as Grounded Collector Tuned Bases (GCTB) and Grounded Bases Tuned Oscillator (GBTO), are used to illustrate these results and the additional required conditions.