Texture and mechanical properties of EUROFER 97 steel processed by ECAP Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2011

start page

  • 5927

end page

  • 5934


  • 18


  • 528

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0921-5093

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-4936


  • The EUROFER 97 steel was processed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) at 550 degrees C for four passes via route C. The starting material consisted of ferrite-martensite dual phase composed by small subgrains of about 0.5 mu m and low angle boundaries less than 5 degrees. The volume fraction of second phase particles was around 10 vol.%, besides a texture formed by several fibers orientations belonging to the zone axes < 110 >, < 111 > and < 112 >. Increasing ECAP deformation, this microstructure became into equiaxed grain structures of less than 1 mu m, and the misorientation between contiguous grains increased. This refinement of the microstructure was accompanied by the development of a new texture described by a family of fiber orientations related by rotations around axes < 110 > and < 111 >. Tensile tests have revealed that an ECAP treatment at 550 degrees C for two passes could significantly strengthen the tempered material still maintaining good ductility.


  • Materials science and engineering
  • Physics


  • rafm steels; eurofer 97; ecap processing; texture; microtexture; mechanical properties