Gender-Compensation Differences Among High-Level Executives in the United States Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2010

start page

  • 346

end page

  • 370


  • 3


  • 49

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0019-8676

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1468-232X


  • Bertrand and Hallock (2001: 3) present compelling evidence that female executives in the United States earned 45 percent less total compensation than their male counterparts for 1992&-1997. We complement
    their results by analyzing data over a longer time period and, more
    importantly, contend that most of the unexplained gender difference in
    total pay among executives was due to gender differences in the portion
    of variable pay, in particular a different cash payout from stock option