Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
The electrochemical corrosion improvement of a powder metallurgical (PM) stainless steel is studied in this work. Water atomized (WA) ferritic AISI 434L powders have been mixed with gas atomized (GA) austenitic (AISI 316L type) and ferritic (AISI 430L type) powders and processed through the traditional PM route. The addition of GA powder to the usual WA powder decreases the mean size of the pores of the sintered stainless steels. As the bigger pores are the ones that are able to act as crevices, unlike the smaller ones &- that act as closed porosity, reduction in the number of big pores tends to improve the corrosion behaviour of PM stainless steels. Reductions of the corrosion rate (icorr) and increases of the corrosion potential (Ecorr) have been measured in neutral media, with and without chlorides. Moreover, the additional beneficial effect of achieving a duplex microstructure through the addition of GA austenitic powders to the WA ferritic powders has also been verified.