Experimental Characterization of the Spreading and Break-up of Liquid Flat-Fan Sheets Discharging in a Low-Density Atmosphere and Application to BrLi Solutions Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2009

start page

  • 331

end page

  • 342


  • 2


  • 46

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0723-4864

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-1114


  • This work presents and characterizes the existence of two different regimes in the spreading and breakup of liquid flat-fan sheets when discharging in low-density atmospheres. The motivation of the study is the improvement on the absorption phenomena of lithium bromide aqueous solution when discharging in a 600&-1,500 Pa water vapor environment. This corresponds to the absorber conditions in current absorption closed-cycle cooling machines. Despite this, the dimensionless characterization obtained has universal validity. The conditions that define the change in the break-up regime, the dimensionless sheet break-up length and the break-up time are given as a function of the parameters involved. Digital particletracking velocimetry (PTV) has been applied to measure the velocity field and additional visualization techniques have been used to further characterize the break-up process.The experiments verify the existence of critical gastoliquid density and viscosity ratios below which gas to liquid interaction becomes negligible. The article alsooffers expressions that define their values as a function of the other dimensionless parameters.