First order structure-preserving perturbation theory for eigenvalues of symplectic matrices: Part II Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2024

start page

  • 196

end page

  • 229


  • 689

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0024-3795

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-1856


  • The first order eigenvalue perturbation theory for structure-preserving perturbations of real or complex symplectic matrices started in [21] is continued and completed. While in [21] all eigenvalues were considered that qualitatively behave similarly under structure-preserving and structure-ignoring perturbations, the focus of this paper is on one particular case when the behavior under structure-preserving perturbations differs significantly from the one under structure-ignoring perturbations. This case occurs for the exceptional eigenvalues ±1 and is caused by restrictions in the possible Jordan structure of symplectic matrices. The main result gives asymptotic expansions of specific perturbed eigenvalues that are not yet covered by the results from [21]. While the main theorem requires that the rank of the perturbation is equal to the rank of its first order term, it is also discussed what can be said if this hypothesis is not satisfied.


  • Mathematics


  • perturbation of eigenvalues; structure-preserving perturbations; multiplicative perturbations; symplectic matrices; asymptotic expansions; newton polygon