A Loewner-Based System Identification and Structural Health Monitoring Approach for Mechanical Systems Articles uri icon


  • Civera, Marco
  • Zanotti Fragonara, Luca
  • Ignatyev, Dmitry I.
  • Whidborne, James F.

publication date

  • April 2023


  • 1891062


  • 2023

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1545-2255

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1545-2263


  • Data-driven structural health monitoring (SHM) requires precise estimates of the target system behaviour. In this sense, SHM by means of modal parameters is strictly linked to system identification (SI). However, existing frequency-domain SI techniques have several theoretical and practical drawbacks. This paper proposes using an input-output system identification technique based on rational interpolation, known as the Loewner framework (LF), to estimate the modal properties of mechanical systems. Pioneeringly, the Loewner framework mode shapes and natural frequencies estimated by LF are then applied as damage-sensitive features for damage detection. To assess its capability, the Loewner framework is validated on both numerical and experimental datasets and compared to established system identification techniques. Promising results are achieved in terms of accuracy and reliability.


  • Aeronautics