Technology Trends for Massive MIMO towards 6G Articles uri icon


  • Huo, Yiming
  • Lin, Xingqin
  • Di, Boya
  • Zhang, Hongliang
  • Hernando, Francisco Javier Lorca
  • Tan, Ahmet Serdar
  • Mumtaz, Shahid

publication date

  • July 2023


  • 13


  • 23

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1424-3210

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1424-8220


  • At the dawn of the next-generation wireless systems and networks, massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) in combination with leading-edge technologies, methodologies, and architectures are poised to be a cornerstone technology. Capitalizing on its successful integration and scalability within 5G and beyond, massive MIMO has proven its merits and adaptability. Notably, a series of evolutionary advancements and revolutionary trends have begun to materialize in recent years, envisioned to redefine the landscape of future 6G wireless systems and networks. In particular, the capabilities and performance of future massive MIMO systems will be amplified through the incorporation of cutting-edge technologies, structures, and strategies. These include intelligent omni-surfaces (IOSs)/intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs), artificial intelligence (AI), Terahertz (THz) communications, and cell-free architectures. In addition, an array of diverse applications built on the foundation of massive MIMO will continue to proliferate and thrive. These encompass wireless localization and sensing, vehicular communications, non-terrestrial communications, remote sensing, and inter-planetary communications, among others.


  • 6g; artificial intelligence; cell free; intelligent omni-surface (ios); intelligent reflecting surface (irs); inter-planetary communications; massive mimo; non-terrestrial communications; remote sensing; thz communications; vehicular communications