Plasma-Derived Fibrin Hydrogels Containing Graphene Oxide for Infections Treatment Articles uri icon

authors

publication date

  • April 2023

issue

  • 4

volume

  • 5

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2639-4979

abstract

  • Wound infection is inevitable in most patients suffering from extensive burns or chronic ulcers, and there is an urgent demand for the production of bactericidal dressings to be used as grafts to restore skin functionalities. In this context, the present study explores the fabrication of plasma-derived fibrin hydrogels containing bactericidal hybrids based on graphene oxide (GO). The hydrogels were fully characterized regarding gelation kinetics, mechanical properties, and internal hydrogel structures by disruptive cryo scanning electron microscopies (cryo-SEMs). The gelation kinetic experiments revealed an acceleration of the gel formation when GO was added to the hydrogels in a concentration of up to 0.2 mg/mL. The cryo-SEM studies showed up a decrease of the pore size when GO was added to the network, which agreed with a faster area contraction and a higher compression modulus of the hydrogels that contained GO, pointing out the critical structural role of the nanomaterial. Afterward, to study the bactericidal ability of the gels, GO was used as a carrier, loading streptomycin (STREP) on its surface. The loading content of the drug to form the hybrid (GO/STREP) resulted in 50.2% ¿ 4.7%, and the presence of the antibiotic was also demonstrated by Raman spectroscopy, Z-potential studies, and thermogravimetric analyses. The fibrin-derived hydrogels containing GO/STREP showed a dose-response behavior according to the bactericidal hybrid concentration and allowed a sustained release of the antibiotic at a programmed rate, leading to drug delivery over a prolonged period of time.