Unsupervised clustering for 5G network planning assisted by real data Articles uri icon


publication date

  • January 2022

start page

  • 39269

end page

  • 39281


  • 10

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2169-3536

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2169-3536


  • The fifth-generation (5G) of networks is being deployed to provide a wide range of new services and to manage the accelerated traffic load of the existing networks. In the present-day networks, data has become more noteworthy than ever to infer about the traffic load and existing network infrastructure to minimize the cost of new 5G deployments. Identifying the region of highest traffic density in megabyte (MB) per km2 has an important implication in minimizing the cost per bit for the mobile network operators (MNOs). In this study, we propose a base station (BS) clustering framework based on unsupervised learning to identify the target area known as the highest traffic cluster (HTC) for 5G deployments. We propose a novel approach assisted by real data to determine the appropriate number of clusters k and to identify the HTC.
    The algorithm, named as NetClustering, determines the HTC and appropriate value of k by fulfilling MNO's requirements on the highest traffic density MB/km2 and the target deployment area in km2. To compare the appropriate value of k and other performance parameters, we use the Elbow heuristic as a benchmark. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm fulfills the MNO's requirements on the target
    deployment area in km2 and highest traffic density MB/km2 with significant cost savings and achieves higher network utilization compared to the Elbow heuristic. In brief, the proposed algorithm provides a more meaningful interpretation of the underlying data in the context of clustering performed for network planning


  • Telecommunications


  • 5g; network planning; machine learning; network clustering; network data acquisition; cluster analysis; elbow method