Polar differentiation matrices for the Laplace equation in the disk under nonhomogeneous Dirichlet, Neumann and Robin boundary conditions and the biharmonic equation under nonhomogeneous Dirichlet conditions Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 19


  • 89

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0898-1221

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-7668


  • In this paper we present a pseudospectral method in the disk. Unlike the methods already known, the disk is not duplicated. Moreover, we solve the Laplace equation under nonhomogeneous Dirichlet, Neumann and Robin boundary conditions, as well as the biharmonic equation subject to nonhomogeneous Dirichlet conditions, by only using the elements of the corresponding differentiation matrices. It is worth mentioning that we do not use any quadrature, nor need to solve any decoupled system of ordinary differential equations, nor use any pole condition, nor require any lifting. We also solve several numerical examples to show the spectral convergence. The pseudospectral method developed in this paper is applied to estimate Sherwood numbers integrating the mass flux to the disk, and it can be implemented to solve Lotka–Volterra systems and nonlinear diffusion problems involving chemical reactions.


  • Mathematics


  • nonhomogeneous dirichlet, neumann and robin boundary conditions; laplace equation; biharmonic equation; differentiation matrices; chebyshev fourier collocation points