On bundles of matrix pencils under strict equivalence Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2023

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 31


  • 658

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0024-3795

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-1856


  • Bundles of matrix pencils (under strict equivalence) are sets of pencils having the same Kronecker canonical form, up to the eigenvalues (namely, they are an infinite union of orbits under strict equivalence). The notion of bundle for matrix pencils was introduced in the 1990's, following the same notion for matrices under similarity, introduced by Arnold in 1971, and it has been extensively used since then. Despite the amount of literature devoted to describing the topology of bundles of matrix pencils, some relevant questions remain still open in this context. For example, the following two: (a) provide a characterization for the inclusion relation between the closures (in the standard topology) of bundles; and (b) are the bundles open in their closure? The main goal of this paper is providing an explicit answer to these two questions. In order to get this answer, we also review and/or formalize some notions and results already existing in the literature. We also prove that bundles of matrices under similarity, as well as bundles of matrix polynomials (defined as the set of m x n matrix polynomials of the same grade having the same spectral information, up to the eigenvalues) are open in their closure.


  • Mathematics


  • matrix; matrix pencil; matrix polynomial; spectral information; strict equivalence; kronecker canonical form; jordan canonical form; orbit; bundle; open set; closure; majorization